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Speech Research: Citing Web information

How to find information for speeches and the library assignment.

Web pages

Citing a Web page is similar to citing an article. Follow this order:

1. Author name, same citing rules apply as for other authors. However, it is very common for Web pages to not give any personal author names, in which case, it is common to assume the sponsoring organization is responsible for the information. Cite as a corporate author in the author position. If you cannot safely make this assumption, start with the Web page title. 

2. Web page title inside "double quotes," and use the same rules for capitalization as other titles.

3. Web site name in italicsPublisher or sponsor of the site. End this part with a comma, then add the next item (date). If no publisher name is available use N.p. for "no publisher."  

4. Date the page was published. Many pages give this information near the end of a page or in the footer, as a copyright year. If no date is given use: n.d. for "no date."

5. Web. (medium) 

6. Date you are accessing the page in day-month-year order. Abbreviate all months as three letters EXCEPT Sept., May, June, July.

7. It is not required to cite the URL. However, instructors sometimes like to have this information to easily find your source information. If you need to cite a URL give it inside of angle brackets like this: <http://webpageaddress> End with a period outside of the bracket. MSWord automatically tries to make the URL into a hyperlink. When this happens, place the cursor beside the ending bracket > and hit backspace once to eliminate the link and replace the ending period.

For example: In this example, National Geographic, a well-known magazine, has an online Web site on the free Web and they publish daily news articles called National Geographic News. It published this article about global warming. The date was on the page as cited. There was no author given, so we can safely assume the corporate author, National Geographic, is responsible for the information in this article, so we use National Geographic as the corporate author. 

National Geographic."Global Warming Fast Facts." National Geographic News. National Geographic, 28 Oct. 2010. Web. 30 July 2012. <>. 

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