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Citations: APA

Stuck on how to format citations for your paper? Look no further! Learn the basics of either MLA or APA styles here.

Which One Do I Use?

Trying to figure out what you need to include in your citation and how to arrange it can be overwhelming!

The first step in narrowing down which format you need is correctly identifying what type of resource you have. The most common resources are things like: 

  • Print books
  • eBooks
  • Journal, magazine, and newspaper articles in print
  • Journal, magazine, and newspaper articles from a database

But even among these common source types, how you format the citation will depend on specific details about your source. A citation for a print book with one author is formatted a little differently from a print book with two or more authors. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association has several chapters and examples on how to cite different types of sources. You can also try some of the resources listed on this page for more help with identifying your source and correctly formatting your citations. 

APA Citation Tutorials and Websites

APA Citation Video Tutorial

On the Shelf

When we talk about using APA style for our papers, we're not just talking about documenting our sources. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association also covers topics such as:

  • Types of articles one can write in APA style
  • Ethical issues such as plagiarism and property rights
  • How to construct the elements of an article, such as footnotes or an abstract
  • How to write clearly and use proper grammar
  • How to display research results in charts and tables